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Annotated Bibliography

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McCarty Barnes, B. (2001). "Family Violence knows no cultural boundaries." Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences, 93(1), 11-14. Language: English

This article addresses the need of domestic violence prevention, education, and intervention programs to be based within a cultural context. Domestic violence within two ethnic groups: Muslims and Latinos are discussed. Particular detail is given to the cultural differences among these groups versus the common approaches undertaken in the US to deal with domestic violence. Lists of all the different forms of family and partner violence are provided.

McCloskey, L. A., Southwick, K., Fernandez-Esquer, M.E., & Locke, C. (1996). "The psychological effects of political and domestic violence on Central American and Mexican immigrant mothers and children." Journal of Community Psychology, 23(2), 95-116

This study compared the psychosocial adjustment of 70 immigrant mothers and their children from Mexico and Central America. Mothers and children were interviewed about political and domestic violence they had witnessed and experienced and current mental health outcomes, including symptoms of PTSD. Central American refugee children did not differ significantly from Mexican children who witnessed violence in their home. Both groups presented significantly higher levels of psychological distress than Mexican children from non-violent homes. Central American women were most likely to meet criteria for PTSD. Overall effects of war on children were mediated by maternal mental health and the specific associated risk of having lost a father to violent death. Mexican immigrant children were also affected by their mother’s employment. Findings show similar effects on children who experience different forms of violence.

McFarlane, J. (1998). "Characteristics of Sexual Abuse against Pregnant Hispanic Women by Their Male Intimates." Journal of Women's Health, 7(6), 739-745. Language: English

Examined the frequency of 6 types of sexual abuse of 329 pregnant Hispanic women (aged 15-42 years) identified during routine prenatal care in public health clinics as physically abused. Threats of abuse, physical abuse, and sexual abuse were measured with the 46-item Severity of Violence Against Women Scale. Comparisons were made between women reporting sexual abuse and those who did not. 105 women reported sexual abuse by their male partner at least once during the prior 12 months. Sexually abused women reported significantly higher levels of threats of abuse and physical abuse than women not sexually abused. Among the sexually abused women, not living with the abuser was correlated with higher threats of abuse, physical violence, and sexual abuse scores. The results of this study support previous research proposing a continuum of violence and possible escalation of violence when an abused woman leaves her abuser. ((c) 1998 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved)

McFarlane, J., Wiist, W., & Soeken, K. (1999). "Use of counseling by abused pregnant Hispanic women." Journal of Women’s Health & Gender-Based Medicine, 8(4), 541-546. Language: English

This study explored the characteristics of abused women that are associated with the women’s use of counseling services to help end abuse. The study used a 12-month prospective, descriptive analysis of 216 abused pregnant Latinas (aged 15-42 years) receiving prenatal care in an urban public health clinic. Results indicate that women with 2 or more children were more likely to use counseling services. Women who had used the police most during the previous 12 months had fewest visits to the counselor.

McFarlane, J., Wiist, W., & Watson, M. (1998). "Predicting Physical Abuse against Pregnant Hispanic Women." American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 15(2), 134-138. Language: English

Investigated whether or not symbolic violence and threats of violence by a male intimate were associated with physical violence against pregnant Hispanic women, a cross-sectional interview survey questionnaire was given to 329 pregnant, physically and sexually abused Hispanic women (aged 15-42 years) in urban, public health prenatal clinics. The main outcome measure was physical abuse against pregnant Hispanic women as measured on the Severity of Violence Against Women Scale. Regression analysis showed that symbolic violence and threats of violence by the perpetrator were jointly and independently significantly associated with physical violence. Because symbolic violence is significantly associated with physical violence against pregnant women, screening and early intervention programs should focus on such behavior. ((c) 1998 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved)

McWhirter, P. T. (1999). "La Violencia Privada: Domestic Violence in Chile." American Psychologist, 54, 37-40. Language: English

Recently, concerted efforts have increased awareness and understanding concerning domestic violence in Chile. Within this decade, a series of government-sponsored research investigations was initiated to understand the prevalence, causes, and consequences of domestic violence. This article describes the current state of Chilean domestic violence in the context of recent historical and political underpinnings. Cultural factors that have influenced the prevalence of the problem are specifically addressed, and legal changes that affect domestic violence in Chile are explicated. The country's increasing awareness and concern for domestic violence are delineated, and both grassroots and governmental responses are outlined. It is hoped that this information provides a concise and comprehensive view of available information about Chilean domestic violence.

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