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WE HAVE MANY BEAUTIFUL TRADITIONS;
FAMILY VIOLENCE IS NOT ONE OF THEM.

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Annotated Bibliography

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Kantor, G.K. (1997). Alcohol and Spouse Abuse: Ethnic Differences. Recent Developments in Alcoholism, 13, 57-79). Language: English

This chapter examines theoretical and empirical evidence on the interplay between ethnicity, structural and cultural factors, and alcohol-related assaults against wives and considers whether there is a differential vulnerability to such assaults among varying ethnic groups. Our review demonstrated that structural factors emerged as dominant in their difference on alcohol-related wife assaults in varying ethnic groups. The empirical evidence, though limited, showed that the linkages between drinking and wife beating are not just a problem of poor ethnic minorities. Heavy drinking per se is associated similarly in Hispanic-American and Anglo-American families. However, we also identified differences among Hispanic subgroups as well as cultural variations in drinking patterns that differentially affected wife assaults. Although data on alcohol-wife assault relationships among African-Americans are extremely limited, the available evidence indicates little or no effect of drinking by African-American men on wife assaults, after taking other socioeconomic variables into account. Empirical evidence did not support the saliency of particular beliefs favoring violence toward women as intrinsic to any one ethnic group. The major cultural differences in alcohol-related cognitions are consistent with the greater legitimization of alcohol-related misbehavior and the acceptance of "machismo" drinking by Hispanic-Americas compared to Anglo-Americans.

Kantor, G.K., Jasinski, J.L., & Aldarondo, E. (1994). Sociocultural Status and Incidence of Marital Violence in Hispanic Families. Violence and Victims, 9(3), 207-222. Language: English

Examined data from the 1992 National Alcohol and Family Violence Survey of 1,970 families, including an oversample of Hispanic families, to determine the incidence of marital violence in the 3 major Hispanic-American subgroups and in Anglo-American families. It also examined how sociocultural status and attitudes toward violence affect wife assaults differentially. Findings show that Hispanic Americans, as a whole, do not differ significantly from Anglo Americans in their odds of wife assaults when norms regarding violence approval, age, and economic stressors are held constant. It was found that being born in the U.S. increases the risk of wife assaults by Mexican- and Puerto Rican-American husbands. However, the presence of norms sanctioning wife assaults within any group, regardless of SES, is a risk factor for wife abuse. ((c) 1997 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved).

Kanuha, V. (1994). Women of color in battering relationships. In L. Comas-Díaz & B. Greene (Eds.) Women of Color: Integrating Ethnic and Gender Identities in Psychotherapy (pp. 428-454). New York: Guilford Press. Language: English

This chapter provides a critique on the literature on domestic violence against women and discusses sociocultural factors that impact battered women of color. The author gives a succinct account of factors specifically relating to Latina women, including the role of the church, gender roles, cultural and family loyalty, and other socially constructed expectations. Kahuna presents the views of battered women of color in terms of help seeking as well as the problems inherent in the focus of mental health practitioners on the individual rather than attempting to seek a balance among the women’s complex needs.

Kasturiranga, A. & Nutt Williams, E. (2003).  Counseling Latina battered women: A qualitative study of the Latina perspective.  Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 31, 162-178. Language: English

This was a qualitative study that explored the experiences of Latina women affected by domestic violence that had been through counseling procedures. The researchers examined their responses to develop information that might help counselors to better meet the needs of the Latino population. The data from the interviews were analyzed through CQR. As a result 8 domains were identified using the responses from the interviews including perceptions of family support, reasons for leaving an abusive partner, and perceptions of a typical Latino, etc.

Kaufman-Kantor, G., Aldarondo, E. & Jasinsky, J. L., (In Press). Incidence of Alcohol-Related Wife Assaults in Latino and Anglo-American Families. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. Language: English

This study examines the interplay between ethnicity, structural and cultural factors, and alcohol-related wife assaults. The 1992 National Alcohol and Family Violence Survey (N=1970) was used to evaluate the following: 1) The risk of alcohol-related wife assaults among various Latino and Anglo-American ethnic groups; 2) The relationship between cognitive mechanisms, ethnicity, and wife assault; and 3) The role of cultural factors in mediating the effects of drinking and alcohol expectancies in wife assault. The analyses showed considerable variability in the rates and patterns of alcohol-related assaults among Latino groups. Heavy drinking was associated with higher rates of wife assault in both Latino and Anglo-American families. Aggressive alcohol expectancies and lack of economic resources were also found to be important contributors to the incidence of wife assault across ethnic groups. Multivariate analyses showed that structural factors exert a strong influence on alcohol-related wife assaults in various ethnic groups, net of alcohol consumption, and belief systems. We must recognize the heterogeneity among Latinos in the U.S if we are to understand and reduce the occurrence of alcohol-related wife assaults in these groups. The relationship between drinking and wife assault, however, is clearly not just a problem for Latino groups.

Klevens, J. (2001). Violencia física contra la mujer en Santa Fe de Bogotá: Prevalecía y factores asociados [Physical violence against women in Santa Fe de Bogotá: Prevalence and associated factors]. Revista Paramericana de Salud Pública [Pan America

This article estimates the magnitude of violence against women in intimate relationships in the capital city of Colombia and identifies associated risk factors. Data collected from 3,157 female participants in public health pediatric or obstetric clinics revealed that 26.5% of the sample reported that their current partner had slapped or pushed them, and 13.3% that they had been hit with an object, beaten, or threatened with a weapon. Twenty-six percent of participants also indicated that their partner prohibited them from social activities, work, family planning, etc. Violence was significantly associated with less schooling, lower income, number of children, length of live-in relationship with partner, history of abuse in family of origin, and prohibitions imposed by partner. The two factors most strongly related to violence were frequency of conflict with partner and prohibitions imposed by partner.

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