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FAMILY VIOLENCE IS NOT ONE OF THEM.

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Annotated Bibliography

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Davies, C., DiLillo, D., & Martinez, I. (2004). Isolating adult psychological correlates of witnessing  parental violence: Findings from a predominantly Latina sample. Journal of Family Violence, 6(19), 377-385. Language: English

The authors examined the relationship between childhood exposure to parental violence and adult psychological functioning in a sample of predominantly Mexican American female undergraduate participants (N=142). Findings revealed that witnessing parental violence in childhood was associated with depressive symptoms, low self-esteem, and trauma symptoms in adulthood, even after controlling for child physical and sexual abuse. However, in subsequent analyses, also controlling for levels of nonphysical family conflict, previous associations between exposure to parental violence and adult symptomatology were reduced, such that trauma-related symptoms remained the sole outcome still predicted by a history of witnessing parental violence. One of the limitations of the study is the retrospective nature of data collection (participants may provide inaccurate information about childhood events). Also, because participants were female undergraduate students, the findings may not be generalized to males and a broader Mexican American population.

Davila, Yolanda R., Brackley, Margaret H., (1999). Mexican and Mexican American women in a battered women’s shelter: Barriers to condom negotiation for HIV/AIDS prevention. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 20, 333-355. Language: English

This study conducted with 14 Mexican and Mexican American women in a shelter for battered women concluded that abused women may not be a position to successfully initiate condom negotiation. Condom negotiation may increase their risk of both HIV/AIDS and abuse. For Mexican and Mexican American women the initiation of condom negotiation may be in direct conflict with cultural and gender norms. The authors suggest that these women need effective methods that are under the complete control of the women themselves.

Davis, R.C., Erez, E. (1998). Immigrant Populations as Victims: Toward a Multicultural Criminal Justice System. Research in Brief (pp.1-20). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice. Language: English

This publication summarizes a study that investigated whether the diverse cultural makeup of many communities requires the criminal justice system to modify its approach, particularly in handling recent immigrants. The study addressed a previously unexamined question–whether immigrant victims have a more difficult time than other victims in dealing with police and the courts because of differences in language, expectations, and treatment by officials. The consensus among officials who responded to the national survey and among the leaders of six ethnic communities whom researchers interviewed for this study is that many recent immigrants do indeed fail to report crimes. Many of the study participants saw this failure to report crimes as a serious problem, allowing criminals to go free and eroding the ability of the criminal justice system to function effectively. Cultural differences and ignorance of the U.S. justice system also discourage victims from coming to court. Respondents indicated that the language barrier poses no problem in communicating with officials, because interpreters often are available. However, they stated that immigrants have trouble understanding court proceedings conducted in English even when they are translated.

De Vidas, M.(1999). Childhood sexual abuse and domestic violence: A support group for Latino gay men and lesbians. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 10(2), 51-68.

This article describes the dynamics of a support group for Latino gay men and lesbians in New York. Latino gay men and lesbians face several levels of oppression due to their cultural and religious traditions. The author addresses issues such as problems with mixed groups with heterosexual and gay/lesbian members, and misconceptions in the Latino community about homosexuals. He emphasizes the importance of a facilitator to create a safe and supporting place for Latino gay men and lesbians. Participants in the support group were given an opportunity to discuss issues regarding their sexuality. During the support group two important topics emerged: childhood experiences of sexual abuse and domestic violence

Dimmitt, J. (1995). Rural Mexican-American and Non-Hispanic White Women: Effects of Abuse on Self-Concept. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 2(2), 54-63. Language: English

This research arose from a clinical practice in a rural Mexican-American and non-Hispanic white community in Southwest Texas. The practice focused on individual and group counseling for these women in abusive relationships. Effects of type of abuse (physical, sexual, psychological) on self-concept were identified. Rural Mexican-American and non-Hispanic white women experiencing sexual abuse versus other forms of abuse were found to have significantly lower perceptions of competency on a multi-dimensional measure of self-concept. Ethnic differences in self-concept were also found between groups of abused, rural Mexican-American and non-Hispanic white women.

Dimmitt, J. (1996). Woman Abuse, Assimilation, and Self-Concept in a Rural Mexican American Community. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 18(4), 508-522. Language: English

This article describes the effect of assimilation on self-concept and abuse in a rural, minority population of Mexican American women (aged 17-85 years). Ethnic language translations were developed to enable investigation with a rural, Spanish-speaking Mexican American population. Reassessment of reliability and validity of both English and Spanish translations of instrumentation for a rural population was also performed. Data were collected through convenience sampling from both rural battered women's shelters and rural community service centers. Significant differences were found between the 85 abused and the 84 non-abused women on dimensions of self-concept. Assimilation variables found to be significantly correlated with self-concept for abused and non-abused Mexican American women included language, attitudes toward traditional family structure, and values. Significant differences were found between abused and non-abused Mexican American women in attitudes toward traditional family structure and sex-role identification. ((c) 1997 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved).

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